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RFC 2787
Definitions of Managed Objects for the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol.
B. Jewell, D. Chuang. March 2000.

 
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Network Working Group B. Jewell Request for Comments: 2787 Copper Mountain Networks, Inc. Category: Standards Track D. Chuang CoSine Communications March 2000 Definitions of Managed Objects for the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol Status of this Memo This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for improvements. Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state and status of this protocol. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. Copyright Notice Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000). All Rights Reserved. Abstract This specification defines an extension to the Management Information Base (MIB) for use with SNMP-based network management. In particular, it defines objects for configuring, monitoring, and controlling routers that employ the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) [17]. This memo specifies a MIB module in a manner that is compliant with SMIv2 [5], and semantically identical to the SMIv1 definitions [2]. Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 1]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 Table of Contents 1 The SNMP Network Management Framework ................. 2 2 Overview .............................................. 3 2.1 VRRP MIB Structure .................................. 3 2.2 Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol .................. 4 2.3 VRRP MIB Table Design ............................... 4 2.3.1 Relation to Interface Group ....................... 5 2.4 VRRP Scenarios ...................................... 5 2.4.1 Scenario #1 ....................................... 5 2.4.2 Scenario #2 ....................................... 8 3 Definitions ........................................... 11 4 Security Considerations ............................... 27 5 Acknowledgements ...................................... 28 6 References ............................................ 28 7 Authors' Addresses .................................... 30 8 Intellectual Property Statement........................ 30 9 Full Copyright Statement............................... 31 1. The SNMP Management Framework The SNMP Management Framework presently consists of five major components: o An overall architecture, described in RFC 2571 [1]. o Mechanisms for describing and naming objects and events for the purpose of management. The first version of this Structure of Management Information (SMI) is called SMIv1 and described in STD 16, RFC 1155 [2], STD 16, RFC 1212 [3] and RFC 1215 [4]. The second version, called SMIv2, is described in STD 58, RFC 2578 [5], STD 58, RFC 2579 [6] and STD 58, RFC 2580 [7]. o Message protocols for transferring management information. The first version of the SNMP message protocol is called SNMPv1 and described in STD 15, RFC 1157 [8]. A second version of the SNMP message protocol, which is not an Internet standards track protocol, is called SNMPv2c and described in RFC 1901 [9] and RFC 1906 [10]. The third version of the message protocol is called SNMPv3 and described in RFC 1906 [10], RFC 2572 [11] and RFC 2574 [12]. o Protocol operations for accessing management information. The first set of protocol operations and associated PDU formats is described in STD 15, RFC 1157 [8]. A second set of protocol operations and associated PDU formats is described in RFC 1905 [13]. Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 2]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 o A set of fundamental applications described in RFC 2573 [14] and the view-based access control mechanism described in RFC 2575 [15]. A more detailed introduction to the current SNMP Management Framework can be found in RFC 2570 [16]. Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed the Management Information Base or MIB. Objects in the MIB are defined using the mechanisms defined in the SMI. This memo specifies a MIB module that is compliant to the SMIv2. A MIB conforming to the SMIv1 can be produced through the appropriate translations. The resulting translated MIB must be semantically equivalent, except where objects or events are omitted because no translation is possible (use of Counter64). Some machine readable information in SMIv2 will be converted into textual descriptions in SMIv1 during the translation process. However, this loss of machine readable information is not considered to change the semantics of the MIB. 2. Overview This memo identifies the set of objects for configuring, monitoring, and controlling the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP), as defined in RFC 2338 [17]. VRRP specifies an election protocol that will allow one or more associated IP addresses to be assumed by another router in the event of a failure of the IP address(es) owner. Thus, IP traffic from a host using a failed router as a default gateway is transparently fowarded by the VRRP router that has assumed control. VRRP provides redundancy in routed networks without requiring configuration of dynamic routing or router discovery protocols on every end-host. Since the VRRP protocol is intended for use with IPv4 routers only, this MIB uses the SYNTAX for IP addresses which is specific to IPv4. Thus, changes will be required for this MIB to interoperate in an IPv6 environment. 2.1. VRRP MIB Structure The VRRP MIB contains three conformance groups: - vrrpOperations Group: Objects related to VRRP router's configuration and control. - vrrpStatistics Group: Objects containing information useful in monitoring the operation of VRRP routers. Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 3]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 - vrrpNotifications Group: Consists of objects and definitions for use in SNMP notifications sent by VRRP routers. Tables in the MIB include the following: (1) The vrrpOperTable, which contains objects that define the operational characteristics of a VRRP router. Rows in this table correspond to instances of virtual routers. (2) The vrrpAssoIpAddrTable, which contains the addresses of the virtual router(s) that a given VRRP router is backing up. (3) The vrrpRouterStatsTable which contains the operating statistics for a VRRP router. 2.2. Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol This MIB is based on the following characteristics of VRRP as defined in the VRRP specification [17]. - A "VRRP router" is one that is configured to run the VRRP protocol in conjunction with one or more other VRRP routers attached to a LAN. - A VRRP router can be running one or more instances of a virtual router. - A "virtual router" is an abstraction which consists of two or more physical routers associated by a Virtual Router Identifier (VRID). - An instance of a virtual router (on a physical VRRP router), can be uniquely identified by a combination of the 'ifIndex' [18] and "Virtual Router Identifier" (VRID). - For each VRID there is a set of one or more "associated IP addresses" that are backed-up by the virtual router. 2.3. VRRP MIB Table Design The tables in the VRRP MIB are structured with the assumption that a VRRP network management application would likely be designed to display information or provide configuration about a VRRP router on a "per-virtual-router basis". Thus, the tables defined in the MIB consist of conceptual rows which are grouped in a manner to present a view of individual virtual routers with a minimal number of SNMP operations. Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 4]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 2.3.1. Relation to Interface Group (RFC 2233) [18]. Since a router can be participating in VRRP on one or more physical interfaces, "ifIndex" is used as an index into the tables defined in the VRRP MIB. 2.4. VRRP Scenarios The following section provides examples of how some of the objects in this MIB are instantiated for two different VRRP scenarios. KEY: ---- The labels in the following tables and diagrams correspond to the actual MIB objects as follows: if = vrrpOperIfIndex VrId = vrrpOperVrId State = vrrpOperState Prior = vrrpOperPriority AddrCnt = vrrpOperIpAddrCount IpAddr = vrrpOperMasterIpAddr RowStat = vrrpOperRowStatus 2.4.1. VRRP Scenario #1 The following figure shows a simple network with two VRRP routers configured with two virtual routers. This sample topology is taken from the VRRP specification [17]. Addresses in '()' indicate the IP address of the default gateway for a given host, H1 - H4. In the diagram, "Interface" is used in the context defined in IF-MIB [18]. Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 5]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 VRID=1 VRID=2 +-----+ +-----+ | MR1 | | MR2 | | & | | & | | BR2 | | BR1 | +-----+ +-----+ IP A ---------->* *<---------- IP B Interface=I1 | | Interface=I2 | | | | ------------------+------------+-----+--------+--------+--------+-- ^ ^ ^ ^ | | | | (IP A) (IP A) (IP A) (IP A) | | | | +--+--+ +--+--+ +--+--+ +--+--+ | H1 | | H2 | | H3 | | H4 | +-----+ +-----+ +--+--+ +--+--+ ----- MIB Tables For VRRP Router "IP A": ----- vrrpOperTable ------------- | if | VrId | State | Prior | AddrCnt | IpAddr | ... | RowStat | +----+------+-------+-------+---------+--------+-( )-+---------+ | | | | | | | | | | I1 | 01 | M | 255 | 1 | A | | active | | | | | | | | | | +----+------+-------+-------+---------+--------+-( )-+---------+ | | | | | | | | | | I1 | 02 | B | 1-254 | 1 | B | | active | | | | | | | | | | +----+------+-------+-------+---------+--------+-( )-+---------+ Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 6]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 vrrpAssoIpAddrTable ------------------- | if | VrId | IP | RowStat | +----+------+-------+---------+ | | | | | | I1 | 01 | A | active | | | | | | +----+------+-------+---------+ | | | | | | I1 | 02 | B | active | | | | | | +----+------+-------+---------+ ----- MIB Tables For VRRP Router "IP B": ----- vrrpOperTable ------------- | if | VrId | State | Prior | AddrCnt | IpAddr | ... | RowStat | +----+------+-------+-------+---------+--------+-( )-+---------+ | | | | | | | | | | I2 | 01 | B | 1-254 | 1 | A | | active | | | | | | | | | | +----+------+-------+-------+---------+--------+-( )-+---------+ | | | | | | | | | | I2 | 02 | M | 255 | 1 | B | | active | | | | | | | | | | +----+------+-------+-------+---------+--------+-( )-+---------+ vrrpAssoIpAddrTable ------------------- | if | VrId | IP | RowStat | +----+------+-------+---------+ | | | | | | I2 | 01 | A | active | | | | | | +----+------+-------+---------+ | | | | | | I2 | 02 | B | active | | | | | | +----+------+-------+---------+ Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 7]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 NOTES: 1) "I1" and "I2" are used to designate IF indices on each respective router. 2) For "State": M = Master; B = Backup. 3) In the vrrpOperTable, a "priority" of 255 indicates that the respective router owns the IP address, e.g., this IP address is native to the router (i.e., "the IP Address Owner" [17]). 2.4.2. VRRP Scenario #2 The following figure shows a simple network with two virtual routers. Here, a single interface has been configured with two IP addresses. Again, addresses in () indicate the IP address of the default gateway for a given host, H1 - H2. VRID=1 VRID=2 +-----+ +-----+ | MR1 | | MR2 | | & | | & | | BR2 | | BR1 | +-----+ +-----+ IP A ---------->* *<---------- IP B IP C | | Interface=I2 Interface=I1 | | | | | | ------------------+------------+-----+--------+ ^ ^ | | (IP A) (IP B) | | +--+--+ +--+--+ | H1 | | H2 | +-----+ +-----+ Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 8]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 ----- MIB Tables For VRRP Router "IP A": ----- vrrpOperTable ------------- | if | VrId | State | Prior | AddrCnt | IpAddr | ... | RowStat | +----+------+-------+-------+---------+--------+-( )-+---------+ | | | | | | | | | | I1 | 01 | M | 255 | 2 | A | | active | | | | | | | | | | +----+------+-------+-------+---------+--------+-( )-+---------+ | | | | | | | | | | I1 | 02 | B | 1-254 | 1 | B | | active | | | | | | | | | | +----+------+-------+-------+---------+--------+-( )-+---------+ vrrpAssoIpAddrTable ------------------- | if | VrId | IP | RowStat | +----+------+-------+---------+ | | | | | | I1 | 01 | A | active | | | | | | +----+------+-------+---------+ | | | | | | I1 | 01 | C | active | | | | | | +----+------+-------+---------+ | | | | | | I1 | 02 | B | active | | | | | | +----+------+-------+---------+ Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 9]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 ----- MIB Tables For VRRP Router "IP B": ----- vrrpOperTable ------------- | if | VrId | State | Prior | AddrCnt | IpAddr | ... | RowStat | +----+------+-------+-------+---------+--------+-( )-+---------+ | | | | | | | | | | I2 | 01 | B | 1-254 | 2 | A | | active | | | | | | | | | | +----+------+-------+-------+---------+--------+-( )-+---------+ | | | | | | | | | | I2 | 02 | M | 255 | 1 | B | | active | | | | | | | | | | +----+------+-------+-------+---------+--------+-( )-+---------+ vrrpAssoIpAddrTable ------------------- | if | VrId | IP | RowStat | +----+------+-------+---------+ | | | | | | I2 | 01 | A | active | | | | | | +----+------+-------+---------+ | | | | | | I2 | 01 | C | active | | | | | | +----+------+-------+---------+ | | | | | | I2 | 02 | B | active | | | | | | +----+------+-------+---------+ Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 10]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 3. Definitions VRRP-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN IMPORTS MODULE-IDENTITY, OBJECT-TYPE, NOTIFICATION-TYPE, Counter32, Integer32, IpAddress, mib-2 FROM SNMPv2-SMI TEXTUAL-CONVENTION, RowStatus, MacAddress, TruthValue, TimeStamp FROM SNMPv2-TC MODULE-COMPLIANCE, OBJECT-GROUP, NOTIFICATION-GROUP FROM SNMPv2-CONF ifIndex FROM IF-MIB; vrrpMIB MODULE-IDENTITY LAST-UPDATED "200003030000Z" ORGANIZATION "IETF VRRP Working Group" CONTACT-INFO "Brian R. Jewell Postal: Copper Mountain Networks, Inc. 2470 Embarcadero Way Palo Alto, California 94303 Tel: +1 650 687 3367 E-Mail: bjewell@coppermountain.com" DESCRIPTION "This MIB describes objects used for managing Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) routers." REVISION "200003030000Z" -- 03 Mar 2000 DESCRIPTION "Initial version as published in RFC 2787." ::= { mib-2 68 } -- ******************************************************************* -- Textual Conventions -- ******************************************************************* VrId ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A number which, along with an interface index (ifIndex), serves to uniquely identify a virtual router on a given VRRP router. A set of one or more associated addresses is assigned to a VRID." SYNTAX Integer32 (1..255) Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 11]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 -- ******************************************************************* -- VRRP MIB Groups -- ******************************************************************* vrrpOperations OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { vrrpMIB 1 } vrrpStatistics OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { vrrpMIB 2 } vrrpConformance OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { vrrpMIB 3 } -- ******************************************************************* -- Start of MIB objects -- ******************************************************************* vrrpNodeVersion OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This value identifies the particular version of the VRRP supported by this node." ::= { vrrpOperations 1 } vrrpNotificationCntl OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { enabled (1), disabled (2) } MAX-ACCESS read-write STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Indicates whether the VRRP-enabled router will generate SNMP traps for events defined in this MIB. 'Enabled' results in SNMP traps; 'disabled', no traps are sent." DEFVAL { enabled } ::= { vrrpOperations 2 } -- ******************************************************************* -- VRRP Operations Table -- ******************************************************************* vrrpOperTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF VrrpOperEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Operations table for a VRRP router which consists of a sequence (i.e., one or more conceptual rows) of 'vrrpOperEntry' items." Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 12]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 ::= { vrrpOperations 3 } vrrpOperEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX VrrpOperEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An entry in the vrrpOperTable containing the operational characteristics of a virtual router. On a VRRP router, a given virtual router is identified by a combination of the IF index and VRID. Rows in the table cannot be modified unless the value of `vrrpOperAdminState' is `disabled' and the `vrrpOperState' has transitioned to `initialize'." INDEX { ifIndex, vrrpOperVrId } ::= { vrrpOperTable 1 } VrrpOperEntry ::= SEQUENCE { vrrpOperVrId VrId, vrrpOperVirtualMacAddr MacAddress, vrrpOperState INTEGER, vrrpOperAdminState INTEGER, vrrpOperPriority Integer32, vrrpOperIpAddrCount Integer32, vrrpOperMasterIpAddr IpAddress, vrrpOperPrimaryIpAddr IpAddress, vrrpOperAuthType INTEGER, vrrpOperAuthKey OCTET STRING, vrrpOperAdvertisementInterval Integer32, vrrpOperPreemptMode TruthValue, vrrpOperVirtualRouterUpTime TimeStamp, vrrpOperProtocol Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 13]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 INTEGER, vrrpOperRowStatus RowStatus } vrrpOperVrId OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX VrId MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object contains the Virtual Router Identifier (VRID)." ::= { vrrpOperEntry 1 } vrrpOperVirtualMacAddr OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX MacAddress MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The virtual MAC address of the virtual router. Although this object can be derived from the 'vrrpOperVrId' object, it is defined so that it is easily obtainable by a management application and can be included in VRRP-related SNMP traps." ::= { vrrpOperEntry 2 } vrrpOperState OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { initialize(1), backup(2), master(3) } MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The current state of the virtual router. This object has three defined values: - `initialize', which indicates that all the virtual router is waiting for a startup event. - `backup', which indicates the virtual router is monitoring the availability of the master router. - `master', which indicates that the virtual router is forwarding packets for IP addresses that are associated with this router. Setting the `vrrpOperAdminState' object (below) initiates Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 14]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 transitions in the value of this object." ::= { vrrpOperEntry 3 } vrrpOperAdminState OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { up(1), down(2) } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object will enable/disable the virtual router function. Setting the value to `up', will transition the state of the virtual router from `initialize' to `backup' or `master', depending on the value of `vrrpOperPriority'. Setting the value to `down', will transition the router from `master' or `backup' to `initialize'. State transitions may not be immediate; they sometimes depend on other factors, such as the interface (IF) state. The `vrrpOperAdminState' object must be set to `down' prior to modifying the other read-create objects in the conceptual row. The value of the `vrrpOperRowStatus' object (below) must be `active', signifying that the conceptual row is valid (i.e., the objects are correctly set), in order for this object to be set to `up'." DEFVAL { down } ::= { vrrpOperEntry 4 } vrrpOperPriority OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (0..255) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This object specifies the priority to be used for the virtual router master election process. Higher values imply higher priority. A priority of '0', although not settable, is sent by the master router to indicate that this router has ceased to participate in VRRP and a backup virtual router should transition to become a new master. A priority of 255 is used for the router that owns the associated IP address(es)." DEFVAL { 100 } ::= { vrrpOperEntry 5 } Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 15]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 vrrpOperIpAddrCount OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (0..255) MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of IP addresses that are associated with this virtual router. This number is equal to the number of rows in the vrrpAssoIpAddrTable that correspond to a given IF index/VRID pair." ::= { vrrpOperEntry 6 } vrrpOperMasterIpAddr OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX IpAddress MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The master router's real (primary) IP address. This is the IP address listed as the source in VRRP advertisement last received by this virtual router." ::= { vrrpOperEntry 7 } vrrpOperPrimaryIpAddr OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX IpAddress MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "In the case where there is more than one IP address for a given `ifIndex', this object is used to specify the IP address that will become the `vrrpOperMasterIpAddr', should the virtual router transition from backup to master. If this object is set to 0.0.0.0, the IP address which is numerically lowest will be selected." DEFVAL { '00000000'H } -- 0.0.0.0 ::= { vrrpOperEntry 8 } vrrpOperAuthType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { noAuthentication(1), -- VRRP protocol exchanges are not -- authenticated. simpleTextPassword(2), -- Exchanges are authenticated by a -- clear text password. ipAuthenticationHeader(3) -- Exchanges are authenticated using -- the IP authentication header. } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 16]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 "Authentication type used for VRRP protocol exchanges between virtual routers. This value of this object is the same for a given ifIndex. New enumerations to this list can only be added via a new RFC on the standards track." DEFVAL { noAuthentication } ::= { vrrpOperEntry 9 } vrrpOperAuthKey OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX OCTET STRING (SIZE (0..16)) MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The Authentication Key. This object is set according to the value of the 'vrrpOperAuthType' object ('simpleTextPassword' or 'ipAuthenticationHeader'). If the length of the value is less than 16 octets, the agent will left adjust and zero fill to 16 octets. The value of this object is the same for a given ifIndex. When read, vrrpOperAuthKey always returns an Octet String of length zero." ::= { vrrpOperEntry 10 } vrrpOperAdvertisementInterval OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Integer32 (1..255) UNITS "seconds" MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The time interval, in seconds, between sending advertisement messages. Only the master router sends VRRP advertisements." DEFVAL { 1 } ::= { vrrpOperEntry 11 } vrrpOperPreemptMode OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX TruthValue MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Controls whether a higher priority virtual router will preempt a lower priority master." DEFVAL { true } ::= { vrrpOperEntry 12 } vrrpOperVirtualRouterUpTime OBJECT-TYPE Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 17]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 SYNTAX TimeStamp MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "This is the value of the `sysUpTime' object when this virtual router (i.e., the `vrrpOperState') transitioned out of `initialized'." ::= { vrrpOperEntry 13 } vrrpOperProtocol OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { ip (1), bridge (2), decnet (3), other (4) } MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The particular protocol being controlled by this Virtual Router. New enumerations to this list can only be added via a new RFC on the standards track." DEFVAL { ip } ::= { vrrpOperEntry 14 } vrrpOperRowStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX RowStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The row status variable, used in accordance to installation and removal conventions for conceptual rows. The rowstatus of a currently active row in the vrrpOperTable is constrained by the operational state of the corresponding virtual router. When `vrrpOperRowStatus' is set to active(1), no other objects in the conceptual row, with the exception of `vrrpOperAdminState', can be modified. Prior to setting the `vrrpOperRowStatus' object from `active' to a different value, the `vrrpOperAdminState' object must be set to `down' and the `vrrpOperState' object be transitioned to `initialize'. To create a row in this table, a manager sets this object to either createAndGo(4) or createAndWait(5). Until instances of all corresponding columns are appropriately configured, the value of the corresponding instance of the `vrrpOperRowStatus' column will be read as notReady(3). Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 18]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 In particular, a newly created row cannot be made active(1) until (minimally) the corresponding instance of `vrrpOperVrId' has been set and there is at least one active row in the `vrrpAssoIpAddrTable' defining an associated IP address for the virtual router." ::= { vrrpOperEntry 15 } -- ******************************************************************* -- VRRP Associated IP Address Table -- ******************************************************************* vrrpAssoIpAddrTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF VrrpAssoIpAddrEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The table of addresses associated with this virtual router." ::= { vrrpOperations 4 } vrrpAssoIpAddrEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX VrrpAssoIpAddrEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An entry in the table contains an IP address that is associated with a virtual router. The number of rows for a given ifIndex and VrId will equal the number of IP addresses associated (e.g., backed up) by the virtual router (equivalent to 'vrrpOperIpAddrCount'). Rows in the table cannot be modified unless the value of `vrrpOperAdminState' is `disabled' and the `vrrpOperState' has transitioned to `initialize'." INDEX { ifIndex, vrrpOperVrId, vrrpAssoIpAddr } ::= { vrrpAssoIpAddrTable 1 } VrrpAssoIpAddrEntry ::= SEQUENCE { vrrpAssoIpAddr IpAddress, vrrpAssoIpAddrRowStatus RowStatus } vrrpAssoIpAddr OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX IpAddress Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 19]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The assigned IP addresses that a virtual router is responsible for backing up." ::= { vrrpAssoIpAddrEntry 1 } vrrpAssoIpAddrRowStatus OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX RowStatus MAX-ACCESS read-create STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The row status variable, used according to installation and removal conventions for conceptual rows. Setting this object to active(1) or createAndGo(4) results in the addition of an associated address for a virtual router. Destroying the entry or setting it to notInService(2) removes the associated address from the virtual router. The use of other values is implementation-dependent." ::= { vrrpAssoIpAddrEntry 2 } -- ******************************************************************* -- VRRP Router Statistics -- ******************************************************************* vrrpRouterChecksumErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of VRRP packets received with an invalid VRRP checksum value." ::= { vrrpStatistics 1 } vrrpRouterVersionErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of VRRP packets received with an unknown or unsupported version number." ::= { vrrpStatistics 2 } vrrpRouterVrIdErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 20]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 DESCRIPTION "The total number of VRRP packets received with an invalid VRID for this virtual router." ::= { vrrpStatistics 3 } -- ******************************************************************* -- VRRP Router Statistics Table -- ******************************************************************* vrrpRouterStatsTable OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX SEQUENCE OF VrrpRouterStatsEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Table of virtual router statistics." ::= { vrrpStatistics 4 } vrrpRouterStatsEntry OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX VrrpRouterStatsEntry MAX-ACCESS not-accessible STATUS current DESCRIPTION "An entry in the table, containing statistics information about a given virtual router." AUGMENTS { vrrpOperEntry } ::= { vrrpRouterStatsTable 1 } VrrpRouterStatsEntry ::= SEQUENCE { vrrpStatsBecomeMaster Counter32, vrrpStatsAdvertiseRcvd Counter32, vrrpStatsAdvertiseIntervalErrors Counter32, vrrpStatsAuthFailures Counter32, vrrpStatsIpTtlErrors Counter32, vrrpStatsPriorityZeroPktsRcvd Counter32, vrrpStatsPriorityZeroPktsSent Counter32, vrrpStatsInvalidTypePktsRcvd Counter32, vrrpStatsAddressListErrors Counter32, vrrpStatsInvalidAuthType Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 21]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 Counter32, vrrpStatsAuthTypeMismatch Counter32, vrrpStatsPacketLengthErrors Counter32 } vrrpStatsBecomeMaster OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of times that this virtual router's state has transitioned to MASTER." ::= { vrrpRouterStatsEntry 1 } vrrpStatsAdvertiseRcvd OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of VRRP advertisements received by this virtual router." ::= { vrrpRouterStatsEntry 2 } vrrpStatsAdvertiseIntervalErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of VRRP advertisement packets received for which the advertisement interval is different than the one configured for the local virtual router." ::= { vrrpRouterStatsEntry 3 } vrrpStatsAuthFailures OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of VRRP packets received that do not pass the authentication check." ::= { vrrpRouterStatsEntry 4 } vrrpStatsIpTtlErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 22]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 DESCRIPTION "The total number of VRRP packets received by the virtual router with IP TTL (Time-To-Live) not equal to 255." ::= { vrrpRouterStatsEntry 5 } vrrpStatsPriorityZeroPktsRcvd OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of VRRP packets received by the virtual router with a priority of '0'." ::= { vrrpRouterStatsEntry 6 } vrrpStatsPriorityZeroPktsSent OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of VRRP packets sent by the virtual router with a priority of '0'." ::= { vrrpRouterStatsEntry 7 } vrrpStatsInvalidTypePktsRcvd OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The number of VRRP packets received by the virtual router with an invalid value in the 'type' field." ::= { vrrpRouterStatsEntry 8 } vrrpStatsAddressListErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets received for which the address list does not match the locally configured list for the virtual router." ::= { vrrpRouterStatsEntry 9 } vrrpStatsInvalidAuthType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets received with an unknown Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 23]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 authentication type." ::= { vrrpRouterStatsEntry 10 } vrrpStatsAuthTypeMismatch OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets received with 'Auth Type' not equal to the locally configured authentication method (`vrrpOperAuthType')." ::= { vrrpRouterStatsEntry 11 } vrrpStatsPacketLengthErrors OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX Counter32 MAX-ACCESS read-only STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The total number of packets received with a packet length less than the length of the VRRP header." ::= { vrrpRouterStatsEntry 12 } -- ******************************************************************* -- Trap Definitions -- ******************************************************************* vrrpNotifications OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { vrrpMIB 0 } vrrpTrapPacketSrc OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX IpAddress MAX-ACCESS accessible-for-notify STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The IP address of an inbound VRRP packet. Used by vrrpTrapAuthFailure trap." ::= { vrrpOperations 5 } vrrpTrapAuthErrorType OBJECT-TYPE SYNTAX INTEGER { invalidAuthType (1), authTypeMismatch (2), authFailure (3) } MAX-ACCESS accessible-for-notify STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Potential types of configuration conflicts. Used by vrrpAuthFailure trap." Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 24]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 ::= { vrrpOperations 6 } vrrpTrapNewMaster NOTIFICATION-TYPE OBJECTS { vrrpOperMasterIpAddr } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The newMaster trap indicates that the sending agent has transitioned to 'Master' state." ::= { vrrpNotifications 1 } vrrpTrapAuthFailure NOTIFICATION-TYPE OBJECTS { vrrpTrapPacketSrc, vrrpTrapAuthErrorType } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "A vrrpAuthFailure trap signifies that a packet has been received from a router whose authentication key or authentication type conflicts with this router's authentication key or authentication type. Implementation of this trap is optional." ::= { vrrpNotifications 2 } -- ******************************************************************* -- Conformance Information -- ******************************************************************* vrrpMIBCompliances OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { vrrpConformance 1 } vrrpMIBGroups OBJECT IDENTIFIER ::= { vrrpConformance 2 } -- ................................................................... -- Compliance Statements -- ................................................................... vrrpMIBCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The core compliance statement for all VRRP implementations." MODULE -- this module MANDATORY-GROUPS { vrrpOperGroup, vrrpStatsGroup } OBJECT vrrpOperPriority WRITE-SYNTAX Integer32 (1..255) DESCRIPTION "SETable values are from 1 to 255." Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 25]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 ::= { vrrpMIBCompliances 1 } -- ................................................................... -- Conformance Groups -- ................................................................... vrrpOperGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { vrrpNodeVersion, vrrpNotificationCntl, vrrpOperVirtualMacAddr, vrrpOperState, vrrpOperAdminState, vrrpOperPriority, vrrpOperIpAddrCount, vrrpOperMasterIpAddr, vrrpOperPrimaryIpAddr, vrrpOperAuthType, vrrpOperAuthKey, vrrpOperAdvertisementInterval, vrrpOperPreemptMode, vrrpOperVirtualRouterUpTime, vrrpOperProtocol, vrrpOperRowStatus, vrrpAssoIpAddrRowStatus } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Conformance group for VRRP operations." ::= { vrrpMIBGroups 1 } vrrpStatsGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { vrrpRouterChecksumErrors, vrrpRouterVersionErrors, vrrpRouterVrIdErrors, vrrpStatsBecomeMaster, vrrpStatsAdvertiseRcvd, vrrpStatsAdvertiseIntervalErrors, vrrpStatsAuthFailures, vrrpStatsIpTtlErrors, vrrpStatsPriorityZeroPktsRcvd, vrrpStatsPriorityZeroPktsSent, vrrpStatsInvalidTypePktsRcvd, vrrpStatsAddressListErrors, vrrpStatsInvalidAuthType, vrrpStatsAuthTypeMismatch, vrrpStatsPacketLengthErrors Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 26]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Conformance group for VRRP statistics." ::= { vrrpMIBGroups 2 } vrrpTrapGroup OBJECT-GROUP OBJECTS { vrrpTrapPacketSrc, vrrpTrapAuthErrorType } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "Conformance group for objects contained in VRRP notifications." ::= { vrrpMIBGroups 3 } vrrpNotificationGroup NOTIFICATION-GROUP NOTIFICATIONS { vrrpTrapNewMaster, vrrpTrapAuthFailure } STATUS current DESCRIPTION "The VRRP MIB Notification Group." ::= { vrrpMIBGroups 4 } END 4. Security Considerations There are a number of management objects defined in this MIB that have a MAX-ACCESS clause of read-write or read-create. Such objects may be considered sensitive or vulnerable to security attacks in some networking environments. The support for SET operations in a non- secure environment without proper protection can have a negative effect on VRRP router operations. A number of objects in the vrrpOperTable possess the read-create attribute. Manipulation of these objects is capable of affecting the operation of a virtual router. Specific examples of this include, but are not limited to: o The vrrpOperAdminState object which could be used to disable a virtual router. o The vrrpOperPrimaryIpAddr object which, if compromised, could allow assignment of an invalid IP address to a master router. Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 27]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 o The authentication type/key related objects which could potentially render the VRRP security mechanisms ineffective. Of additional concern is the ability to disable the transmission of traps. This would nullify the capability of a virtual router to provide notification in the event of an authentication failure. SNMPv1 by itself is not a secure environment. Even if the network itself is secure (for example by using IPSec), even then, there is no control as to who on the secure network is allowed to access and GET/SET (read/change/create/delete) the objects in this MIB. It is recommended that the implementers consider the security features as provided by the SNMPv3 framework. Specifically, the use of the User-based Security Model RFC 2574 [RFC2574] and the View- based Access Control Model RFC 2575 [RFC2575] is recommended. It is then a customer/user responsibility to ensure that the SNMP entity giving access to an instance of this MIB, is properly configured to give access to the objects only to those principals (users) that have legitimate rights to indeed GET or SET (change/create/delete) them. 5. Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Danny Mitzel, Venkat Prasad, Al Pham, Robert Hinden, Venkat Prasad, Barbera Denny, Fred Baker, Jeff Case, Flavio Fernandes, Acee Lindem, Scott Barvick, and Bert Wijnen for their comments and suggestions. 6. References [1] Harrington, D., Presuhn, R. and B. Wijnen, "An Architecture for Describing SNMP Management Frameworks", RFC 2571, April 1999. [2] Rose, M. and K. McCloghrie, "Structure and Identification of Management Information for TCP/IP-based Internets", STD 16, RFC 1155, May 1990. [3] Rose, M. and K. McCloghrie, "Concise MIB Definitions", STD 16, RFC 1212, March 1991. [4] Rose, M., "A Convention for Defining Traps for use with the SNMP", RFC 1215, March 1991. [5] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Structure of Management Information Version 2 (SMIv2)", STD 58, RFC 2578, April 1999. Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 28]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 [6] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Textual Conventions for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2579, April 1999. [7] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Conformance Statements for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2580, April 1999. [8] Case, J., Fedor, M., Schoffstall, M. and J. Davin, "Simple Network Management Protocol", STD 15, RFC 1157, May 1990. [9] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Introduction to Community-based SNMPv2", RFC 1901, January 1996. [10] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Transport Mappings for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1906, January 1996. [11] Case, J., Harrington D., Presuhn R. and B. Wijnen, "Message Processing and Dispatching for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)", RFC 2572, April 1999. [12] Blumenthal, U. and B. Wijnen, "User-based Security Model (USM) for version 3 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv3)", RFC 2574, April 1999. [13] Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Protocol Operations for Version 2 of the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMPv2)", RFC 1905, January 1996. [14] Levi, D., Meyer, P. and B. Stewart, "SNMPv3 Applications", RFC 2573, April 1999. [15] Wijnen, B., Presuhn, R. and K. McCloghrie, "View-based Access Control Model (VACM) for the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)", RFC 2575, April 1999 [16] Case, J., Mundy, R., Partain, D. and B. Stewart, "Introduction to Version 3 of the Internet-standard Network Management Framework", RFC 2570, April 1999 [17] Knight, S., Weaver, D., Whipple, D., Hinden, R., Mitzel, D., Hunt, P., Higginson, P., Shand, M. and Lindem, A., "Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol", RFC 2338, November 1997. [18] McCloghrie, K. and F. Kastenholz, "The Interfaces Group MIB using SMIv2", RFC 2233, November 1997. Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 29]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 7. Authors' Addresses Brian R. Jewell Copper Mountain Networks, Inc. 2470 Embarcadero Way Palo Alto, California 94303 US Phone: +1 650 687 3367 EMail: bjewell@coppermountain.com David Chuang CoSine Communications 1200 Bridge Parkway Redwood City, CA 94065 US Phone: +1 650 628 4850 EMail: david_chuang@cosinecom.com 8. Intellectual Property Statement The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any intellectual property or other rights that might be claimed to pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in this document or the extent to which any license under such rights might or might not be available; neither does it represent that it has made any effort to identify any such rights. Information on the IETF's procedures with respect to rights in standards-track and standards- related documentation can be found in BCP-11. Copies of claims of rights made available for publication and any assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such proprietary rights by implementors or users of this specification can be obtained from the IETF Secretariat. The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary rights which may cover technology that may be required to practice this standard. Please address the information to the IETF Executive Director. Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 30]
RFC 2787 VRRP MIB Management Objects March 2000 9. Full Copyright Statement Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000). All Rights Reserved. This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than English. The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns. This document and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. Acknowledgement Funding for the RFC Editor function is currently provided by the Internet Society. Jewell & Chuang Standards Track [Page 31]

   

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